Other Foot Problems

The largest organ in our body is our skin. It is also our first barrier against pathogens we encounter on a daily basis. Wounds are breaks in the skin which can be a result of trauma; disease entities such as diabetes, cancer, poor vascularity, varicose veins etc. Wounds can make an individual vulnerable to infection, hospitalization and potential loss of limbs. Here at Podiatry Foot and Ankle institute we are very diligent in treating every wound of every type. We utIlize modern and effective therapeutic modalities to ensure that every wound is healed. We understand that a wound can be a nuisance which takes an individual away from his/her normal routine. We also understand that a healed wound is a step closer to a healthier individual.

Advanced techniques in foot and ankle surgery.
Bone lengthenings, ankle and rearfoot fusions along with advanced trauma techniques.

Efforts to advise all options in foot and ankle care are taken to meet the needs of the patient and strive for the most appropriate surgical plans and operations for the best outcome with the easiest recovery.

Since you stand and walk and run on your feet, these surgeries are different from most in the orthopedic world. Sometimes the more aggressive procedures are the more long lasting but a longer recovery is needed. Sometimes a less aggressive, with very little recovery time procedure fits the patients desires and will achieve a satisfactory outcome.

Techniques in surgery involve knowledge, skill and use of hardware. Hardware used in orthopedic surgery includes, plates, screws (absorbable or non), fixation devices like frames, pins, staples, special cements and implants.

Our feet are very complex structures, comprised of 26 bones, 30 joints, 19 muscles, and 107 ligaments in each foot.  Ailments related to the foot are very common and can be very debilitating. Although some can be traced to heredity, many stem from the cumulative impact of a lifetime of abuse and neglect.  There are a number of systemic diseases that are sometimes first detected in the feet, such as diabetes, circulatory disorders, anemia, and kidney problems. Arthritis, including gout, often attacks foot joints first. As specialists in foot and ankle pathology, our purpose is determining a cause and finding a solution to your pain and discomfort. Your feet, like other specialized structures, require specialized care. A doctor of podiatric medicine can make an important contribution to your total health, whether it is regular preventive care or surgery to correct a deformity. 

In order to keep your feet healthy, you should be familiar with the most common ills that affect them. Remember, though, that self-treatment can often turn a minor problem into a major one and is generally not advisable. You should see a podiatric physician when any of the following conditions occur or persist. Some of these ailments are: 

athletesfeet.gifATHLETE’S FOOT:
Athlete’s foot is a skin disease, usually starting between the toes or on the bottom of the feet, which can spread to other parts of the body. It is caused by a fungus that commonly attacks the feet. Signs of athlete’s foot are dry scaly skin, itching, inflammation, and blisters. You can help prevent infection by washing your feet daily with soap and warm water; drying carefully, especially between the toes; and changing shoes and hose regularly to decrease moisture.

blister.jpg

BLISTERS:
Blisters are caused by skin friction. Don’t pop them. Apply moleskin or an adhesive bandage over a blister, and leave it on until it falls off naturally in the bath or shower. Keep your feet dry and always wear socks as a cushion between your feet and shoes. If a blister breaks on its own, wash the area, apply an antiseptic, and cover with a sterile bandage.
 

callus.jpgCORNS AND CALLUSES:
These are thickenings that form on the bottom of the foot as a result of increased pressure. Increased pressure may be related to prominent bones, and/or foot structure.  As the friction in area of insult increases, the corns/calluses also increases in size, in turn causing significant pain in shoes and when walking. Oftentimes, patients will self by removing the hardened skin with a razor and this is not advised as it can cause harm. The podiatrist can treat these by decreasing the amount of hardened skin and providing you with treatments to soften the corn/callus.

ingrowntoenail.jpgINGROWN NAILS:
Ingrown nails often occur when the borders of the nail become imbedded into the neighboring skin causing pain and/or infection. This is frequently caused by improper nail trimming but also by shoe pressure, injury, fungus infection, heredity, and poor foot structure. Toenails should be trimmed straight across, slightly longer than the end of the toe, with toenail clippers. If the ingrown portion of the nail is painful or infected, your podiatric physician may remove the affected portion; if the condition reoccurs frequently, your podiatrist may permanently remove the nail or the offending border of the nail.
 

wart.jpgWARTS:
Warts are caused by a virus, which enters the skin through small cuts and infects the skin. Children, especially teenagers, tend to be more susceptible to warts than adults. Most warts are harmless and benign, even though painful and unsightly. There are several simple procedures which your podiatric physician might use to remove warts.