Posts for: April, 2016
The arch structure of our feet determines how we walk, which means our arches need to be both sturdy and flexible in order to adjust to different walking surfaces. For most people, their feet have a curve or an arch at the bottom that provides flexibility and shock absorption. But for the five percent of adults in the U.S. with flat feet, also known as fallen arches, the arches of their feet are either partially or completely collapsed.
One common type of flatfoot is adult-acquired flatfoot. It is caused by overstretching the tendon that supports the arch. Flexible flatfoot is also common and occurs when the foot is flat when standing, but returns to a normal arch in non-weight-bearing positions.
Factors that increase your risk of flat feet include:
- Excess weight
- Injury to your foot or ankle
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
When to See Your Podiatrist
Most adults with a fallen arch experience little to no pain. For these patients, treatment is rarely necessary. Painful flatfoot, however, may be the sign of a congenital abnormality or an injury to the muscles and tendons of the foot. Pain can be severe, making it difficult to walk, wear shoes and perform simple everyday tasks. More than achy feet, flatfoot can also lead to other, more serious problems and pain for your ankles, knees, back and hips.
Common symptoms associated with flat feet Include:
- Swelling along the inside of the ankle
- Feet that tire easily or ache after standing for an extended period of time
- A lack of mobility in your foot and difficulty standing on your toes
- Sore, swollen feet; especially in the heel or arch of your foot
Steps Away from Flat Foot Pain Relief
If you are experiencing pain caused by flat feet, visit our practice for an evaluation. We can identify the cause of your pain and recommend the best treatments for your type of arch.
Talk with your podiatrist about the following treatment options:
- Shoe inserts/ Orthotics
- Shoe modifications
- Rest and ice
- Stretching exercises
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications
Whether you were born with flat feet or you acquired fallen arches over time, if your flat feet are causing you pain or interfering with your day to day activities, visit our practice. We can work with you to determine the best treatment options to eliminate the pain, improve your mobility and get you back to the activities you love.
What you need to know about bunions and their treatment
If you have a large bump right next to your big toe, and it is hard and bony, chances are that you have a bunion. It’s time to get some help from your podiatrists at Podiatry Foot & Ankle Institute in Hackensack, New Jersey.
Bunions can become so painful you may have trouble walking around and getting through your daily activities. They are common in women, with over half in the United States a experiencing this condition, according to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. This is because bunions are typically caused by wearing narrow shoes that scrunch your toe area. High heels make the problem worse because they push your toes forward.
Your podiatrists at Podiatry Foot & Ankle Institute will need to examine your bunion and take some x-rays to determine how much of your toe bone is involved. If your bunion is small and non-painful, there is a good chance simple home remedies can make your feet feel better. You can try:
- Taking over-the-counter pain relieving medications
- Icing your bunion for 15 minutes several times per day
- Taping your foot to cushion and support the bunion
- Wearing padding or inserts in your shoes
- Changing to comfortable, wide shoes or sandals
If your bunion is large and painful, or doesn’t respond to simple treatment, your podiatrists at Podiatry Foot & Ankle Institute may suggest a more involved treatment, or surgery. Some of the treatments available include:
- Injecting the bunion area with cortisone to reduce swelling
- Straightening your big toe and foot surgically
- Surgically removing swollen tissue around the joint in your toe
- Surgically fusing the joints in your big toe together
- Surgically removing some of the bone in your big toe
If you have a painful bunion, don’t wait until you can’t walk around and perform your daily activities. Call the bunion experts, your podiatrists at Podiatry Foot & Ankle Institute with two offices in Hackensack and Montvale, New Jersey to serve you. Your feet carry you through your life, so take care of them! Call today and relieve your bunion pain!